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The A Nightmare on Elm Street franchise is an American horror franchise that includes way too many things to even attempt to list here.

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The franchise is predominantly based on the fictional character Freddy Krueger, whom there are various versions of. Both the film and novelization versions of Wes Craven's New Nightmare are based on the fictional character The Entity, which technically isn't Freddy Krueger, but has taken the form of Freddy Krueger after haven taken several other forms.

History[]

The franchise began with ideas in the mind of the late Wes Craven. One of these ideas was the character Freddy Krueger.

Soon after, screenplays for the first A Nightmare on Elm Street film were being written. There may have been several of these.

Soon after, A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984 film) was made and released.

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The second film was released in 1985.

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The third film was released in 1987.

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In 1987, novelizations of the first three films were released as a single book. These were based on the screenplays for the first three films.

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The fourth film was released in August 1988.

Starting in October 1988, there was the TV series Freddy's Nightmares: A Nightmare on Elm Street: The Series, which is a different version of the story than the film series, with a different version of Freddy Krueger than the one in the A Nightmare on Elm Street film series.

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In the sixth film, it is stated that between the fifth and sixth films, he was killing younger than teenage children in their dreams as well. However, this is never actually shown, for obvious reasons. It also isn't explained why he apparently didn't do this during the first five films. (His attempt to kill Angela Walsh in the second film doesn't count, as it was in the physical world.)

Throughout the series, he occasionally kills adults, as well.

If Freddy kills a person in the dream world then they are killed in the physical world as well.

His motives were to seek revenge on their parents, who had burned him alive for murdering neighborhood children. How the second film fits into this is not real clear.

The original film was written and directed by Craven, who returned to co-script the second sequel, A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors (1987), and to write and direct Wes Craven's New Nightmare (1994), which technically isn't part of the film series.

A book made up of novelizations of the first three films of this series and the short story "The Life and Death of Freddy Krueger" was published in 1987.

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In 2010, there was a reboot film.

Impact[]

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The films collectively grossed over $455 million at the box-office worldwide. The original film was released in 1984. A series of sequels produced by the independent film company New Line Cinema followed. New Line often attributes the growth of their company to the success of the Nightmare franchise, especially A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master and A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child.

The film series as a whole has received mixed reviews by critics, but has been a financial success at the box office. When comparing the United States box office grosses of other American horror film series, A Nightmare on Elm Street is the second highest grossing franchise in adjusted US dollars.

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In 1988, a television series was produced with Freddy as the host. The pilot episode focused on the night Freddy was burned alive by Tim Blocher, though the rest of the series featured episodes with independent plots.

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Twelve novels, separate from the adaptations of the films, and multiple comic book series were published featuring Freddy Krueger,

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as well as a crossover film featuring fellow horror icon [[Jason Voorhees (Friday the 1

References[]

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